Production Systems


To propose best-practices and internationally recognised benchmarks in the cosmetic, jewellery and fashion industries, promoting the adoption of sustainable and resource-efficient production systems conducive to socio-economic development and environmental conservation.


This Work Stream addresses the efficient and sustainable use of natural resources and the introduction and implementation of environmental and socila concepts in manufacturing systems throughout their life cycle.

We focus on the following production systems:

•    artisanal and small scale mining of coloured gemstones 
•    cultivation and wild harvesting of botanical natural ingredients
•    hunting, ranching and farming systems for reptile skins
•    grazing and husbandry practices linked to wool fibre production

The Work Stream addresses issues related to:

•    land management 
•    access to resources 
•    benefit sharing 
•    management of quality and transformation processes

Where applicable, it also addresses: 

•    animal welfare 
•    labour
•    human rights 
•    any other relevant issues

The adoption of best-practices and internationally recognised benchmarks will create a level playing field among policy and industry actors that will help to ensure the efficient use of natural resources, improve land management and reduce environmental impacts, optimising the overall management of our natural capital.

Positive effects on productivity and yields should, in turn, support the improvement of sustainable economic growth and welfare throughout a more transparent supply chain, while at the same time increasing the capacity of the environment to the meet the needs of society, business and increasingly environmentally-aware consumers.


•    Local communities

Local communities will increase their capacity for self-reliance, managing their resources more efficiently and increasing the longevity of activities and access to their natural capital. The adoption of sustainable production systems will improve their long-term economic performance by increasing productivity, reducing cost and adding environmental value to their products, which should allow them to gain better access to markets and commercial benefits. 

•    Industry

The industry as a whole will benefit from improving its short and long-term productivity and yields as well as increasing the effectiveness and competitiveness of supply chains. This will allow more effective management of their natural and social capital resulting in long-term cost reductions. As a consequence, industry will become better placed to comply with legislation and meet customers’ increasing demand, while improving their product and corporate image.

•    Government (policy makers)

Access to internationally-validated and recognised sustainable production best-practices and benchmarks will help governments in decision-making, in implementing local laws and in achieving compliance with international environmental laws and standards.  This will benefit their local and international competiveness, and the overall resilience of value chains under their governance. 

•    Nature (biodiversity)  

Using resources more efficiently and adopting better land management practices including the restoration of degraded lands, will improve ecosystem health and help to maintain biodiversity, enhancing conservation of key native species and ecosystems.